What is the main composition of roller conveyor type shot blasting machine

Roller conveyor shot blasting machine is a kind of shot blasting machine. The machine can work contantly. It mainly used to clean and pretreatment H beams, steel plates, steel channel and others kind of regularly metal workpieces surface oxide scale and dust. The roller conveyor shot blasting machine is mainly composed with blasting chamber, roller conveyor, bucket elevator, separator, abrasive dosing pipe, blast wheel, abrasive cleaning device, inlet and outlet sealing device, dust collector and electrical control system. Today let’s QGMA Machinery introduce some main composition of roller conveyor shot blasting machine.

Blasting chamber

The blasting chamber is a large chamber plate box shaped welding structure, and the inner wall of the chamber is lined with a ZGMn13 wear-resistant protective plate, and the cleaning operation is performed in a sealed chamber.

What is the main composition of roller conveyor type shot blasting machine 2

Roller conveyor

It is divided into chamber roller conveyor, inlet and outlet roller conveyor.

The chamber roller coat is made of high-chromium wear-resistant sheath and limit ring. The high-chromium wear-resistant sheath is used to protect the roller and bear the abrasive impact. The limit ring can make the workpiece run in a predetermined position to prevent deviation and cause accidents.

Bucket elevator

Mainly composed of upper and lower transmission, belt, hopper and so on.

The upper and lower diameter pulleys of the bucket elevator are welded into a polygonal structure by the ribs, the wheel plates and the wheel hub group to enhance the friction force, avoid the slip phenomenon and extent the service life of the belt.

If find something wrong with the bucket elevator the cover on the middle of the hoist can be opened to repair the replacement hopper and the lap belt. Open the cover on the lower casing of the bucket elevator to eliminate blockage of the bottom projectile.

Adjust the bolts on both sides of the upper casing of the bucket elevator to drive the lower plate to maintain the tightness of the lifting belt.

The upper and lower pulleys are equipped with spherical spherical ball bearings, which can be automatically adjusted when subjected to vibration shock, and the sealing performance is good.


The screw conveyor is mainly composed of a reducer motor, a screw shaft and the screw shell. The spherical ball bearing with a square seat is used and the bearing can be automatically adjusted when subjected to vibration shock. The sealing property is good.

Abrasives dosing pipe

The abrasive dosing pipe has a double control function. Above every dosing pipe each has a ram it can cut off the abrasive from the separator, so as to convenient to  maintenance the respective blast wheel; the opening of the ram can adjust the flow of the projectile. It also can be pneumatically controlled the number of gates to save energy, reduce wear on the machine, and ensure that production needs are met.

Blast wheel

The blast wheel adopt to double-disc design. It is mainly composed of a rotating mechanism, an impeller, a casing, a control cage, a distributor, guard plate, etc. Wherein the impeller is made of Cr40 material, and the blade, the control cage, the distributor and the guard plate are all made of high chromium.

Abrasive cleaning device

The device adopts a high pressure fan and is equipped with multiple groups of elastic blowing nozzles with different angles in the outlet blasting chamber. It will cleaning and remaining abrasive on the surface of the workpiece.

What is the main composition of roller conveyor type shot blasting machine 3

Inlet and outlet sealing device

The shot blasting machine inlet and outlet sealing device is made of rubber spring steel plate. In order to prevent the abrasive splashing out from the blasting chamer during shot blasting, multiple reinforcing seals are arranged at the entrance and exit. The characteristics are strong elasticity, long service life and good sealing effect.

Dust removal system

The dust collector is mainly composed of filter cartridge, a fan and a dust removal pipe. The dust removal efficiency can reach 99.5%.

What is the main composition of roller conveyor type shot blasting machine 1

Electrical control

The electric control system adopts the conventional control to realize the control of the whole machine. It adopts the high-quality electrical components produced at home and abroad, which has the advantages of high reliability and convenient maintenance. The main circuit is short circuited and lacked phase of each motor by miniature circuit breaker and thermal relay. , overload protection. There are also several emergency stop switches to facilitate emergency shutdown and prevent accidents from expanding.

Safety protection switches are provided on each access door of the cleaning room and the cleaning room. When any one of the access doors is opened, the blasting machine cannot be started.


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